Aquaculture’s role is quite an important notion to take a look at. Several articles have already played a fantastic job answering the title. But I have one point to add. In our present world of increasing pressures from increasing population, overexploitation of some of our planet’s resources, and increased impacts of climate change, aquaculture, in my opinion, is one of many practical solutions to those challenges.
Aquaculture’s Role In The Nation
Aquaculture enables us to produce large amounts of quality animal proteins to satisfy our growing population demands while utilizing a smaller ecological footprint. In commercial water recirculated setups, you could produce a lot of fish in a relatively short space. In some typically integrated farms, wastewater from fish tanks is stabilized. And then infiltrated back to the soil on which crops grow. Like the EcoSan concept but using wastewater from fish tanks instead of wastewater from households (black and grey water). So many other strategies came into use in aquaculture to reduce ecological overhead like using solid waste substrates to grow fly larvae, used to supplement fish feeds.
These are some of my experiences from studying and working in aquaculture. Numerous researchers in Nigeria, Asia, and North America are constantly updating aquaculture methods. But I think the sector needs encouragement. Encouragement with more research, development. And also resources channeled into it and how to further improve aquaculture while reducing its ecological footprint.
1) produce enough food to satisfy the needs of humans and familiarizing the farmer with the multiple uses of water stored in dams.
2) generating technological experiences, in agreement with the efficient use of the available resources, and compatible with cultural traditions and ecological preservation.
3) to create employment opportunities in a rural area, particularly to weaker sections.
Importance Of Aquaculture
The problem to put into context is, why is agriculture so important?
The question is not related to aquatic species. But if you can say agriculture is essential, this can be the same consideration for Aquaculture. Without boosting these activities, there will never be enough food to sustain, present, and future generations.
The need for a consistent supply of fresh produce has become an extreme demand in present times. And with current climate change, there will be noticeable changes in the food supply. Freshwater availability for agriculture is essential, as the same for pollution entering our oceans. Fisheries have had a significant impact on marine ecosystems and stocks, not limited to freshwater organisms.
Aquaculture has become increasingly important as we try to fill the gap of supply that was triple the amount in the past, mainly supported by fisheries. This allows for efforts to rehabilitate areas that human exploited. And after that in the process, create more jobs, improve food security. And then gather new market for affordable fish and other aquatic organisms that will be on sale to the public. Fisherman, large vessels, trawlers, etc. effort got dramatic reduction to allow a maximum sustainability. Which yielded so that each fishery can operate optimally.
So far, it got noted across the entire world that Aquaculture is the new form of sustainability to supply fresh produce with minimizing environmental impact. And becomes essential for science, as we learn about species, how they live, function in an ecosystem and their importance in food chains as such, bringing the ocean on land has vast positive benefits to society